The Global Alliance for Community Philanthropy, is interested in learning about community-based philanthropy across the globe. Consequently, the GFCF is commissioning some new research in those countries/regions where there is limited knowledge about the current state of, and conditions for, community philanthropy. One such country is Pakistan, notwithstanding the existence of a number of philanthropic institutions.
The research study will take account of community philanthropy in a broad context. This will be taken to include Women’s Funds, Human Rights Funds, Environmental Funds, etc., in addition to any locally based and controlled, place-based and community focused funds working in Pakistan. The study will also draw on the knowledge and experience of external funders that are either currently, or previously (over the past decade), engaged in supporting the growth of a philanthropic culture in the region. The study will also indicate the main findings of relevant academic, official and recent country studies that offer an understanding of dynamics and developments in Pakistan that may influence both the culture of philanthropy, and the potential for the growth of community philanthropy.
GFCF Understanding of community philanthropy
The term ‘community foundation’ is a convenient umbrella term for a number of shared characteristics. Although it is useful to have an agreed language, we are aware that the term itself is used by just over 60% of the organizations that work outside the North American/Western European context. Thus the term community philanthropy is used to include funders that term themselves Women’s Funds, Environmental Funds, Human Rights Funds, Youth Funds, or something else entirely. For the purpose of this research study the GFCF characterises community philanthropy as being:
- Place/community-based in nature;
- Managed by an organizational entity that operates as a grant-maker of other civil society/community-based organizations and/or programmes;
- Has an independent Management Board, that is self-directed and seeks in some way to be reflective of the local community or priority target group(s) and donors from within the community;
- Builds assets (financial, human, intellectual and in kind) from a multi-stakeholder diversity of donors;
- Uses available resources to build the capacities of civil society/priority groups in terms of effectiveness and knowledge base;
- Is committed to improving the quality of life in its region/areas/communities through its contribution to building an inclusive and equitable society;
- Has the potential/intention to deliver added value support to its funded groups/partners and other stakeholders in society, through convening, networking, knowledge sharing, etc.; and
- Conducts its work, and decision-making, in an open, transparent and mutually accountable manner.
The GFCF is conscious of the fact that the only organization registered in the Community Foundation Atlas is the Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy, which is an infrastructural support organization for the country. It is keen to have access to baseline information about other organizations that might either act, or potentially act, as community philanthropy funders.
Specific research tasks
The specific research tasks will include the following:
- To compile a comprehensive list of grant-making foundations (and/or civil society/community-based organizations with an active objective of establishing themselves as grant-making community funders) that have a focus on place-based/community needs and development opportunities in Pakistan. The list should include a description of the nature of each organization and their programme of activities; their contact details and their management/staffing structures. In addition, the description should specifically address the three aspects of (i) asset and resource mobilisation and development, within a broad understanding of assets; (ii) the internal and external capacities of both the funder organization itself, and how it uses its resources to strengthen local civil society and community-based organizations/activities; and (iii) the focus and outcomes of the funder organizations in building and enhancing community trust, social capital (bonding, bridging and linking) and social solidarity.
- To locate the work of any such community philanthropy organizations in the broader context of general philanthropy (corporate, private, religious, etc.) in Pakistan, including making reference to the challenges and opportunities presented by fiscal/legal regulations, the local understanding of philanthropy, and current political difficulties experienced in the country as a whole (eg. accessibility, regional fragmentation, etc.).
- To note the nature and impact of external philanthropic activities and interventions (through private foundations; INGOs; bilateral aid sources; UN programmes, etc.), including possible support for the development of community philanthropy.
- To identify the potential for the establishment of community philanthropy organizations (where none exist) and any local infrastructure that might promote, foster and root such developments, alongside the developmental and resource support that might be needed.
- To reference the findings of any donor studies relating to Pakistan, including the potential for in-country fund development.
- To identify potential key influencers in terms of supporting the development of in country community philanthropy in Pakistan.
- Where possible, to collect qualitative data to provide a series of case studies on any community philanthropy funders that are currently operating in Pakistan; and
- Bring forward recommendations of how both the Global Alliance for Community Philanthropy (in terms of learning and sharing information/contacts) and the GFCF (in terms of development support and peer learning) can work more effectively to promote the establishment, spread, strengthening, visibility and effectiveness of community philanthropy organizations in Pakistan.
In undertaking this research, the researcher should seek to draw on the knowledge and experience of members of the Alliance working in the Pakistan area, in addition to the GFCF itself, and other organizations and agencies both located in, and working on relevant activities, in the country.
The tender for this research study should be completed and submitted by Wednesday 18th February 2015. It is envisaged that the research will be presented in three stages – (i) Mapping of relevant organizations to be interviewed and baseline literature review – Friday 13th March, 2015; (ii) Presentation of interim report for discussion – Friday 3rd April, 2015; (iii) Completion of final report – Thursday, 30th April, 2015.
Submission of tenders
Submissions and enquiries for further information should be sent to Avila Kilmurray, Director of Policy & Strategy (email@example.com) and should include the following:
- Name and contact details of Researcher(s).
- CV, with reference to previous relevant experience and research undertaken.
- Names of two referees.
- Statement of understanding of the research task.
- Description of the proposed methodology – how the work will be organised.
- Commitment that the outlined timescale can be met.
- Languages spoken relevant to the research area.
- Estimated number of days to complete the research study, aligned to the methodology and timescale.
- Summary statement of costs (set out against the number of days; proposed travel, and other related expenses).
It should be noted that the GFCF will give priority to relevant experience, availability and proposed methodology to complete the task to a high standard.