An open letter to International NGOs who are looking to ‘localise’ their operations

17 Mar 2020

Languages available:   English Español Français Português

Our plea is that you work with us, not against us. We need to be supported, not competed with.



This letter, which originally appeared on Open Democracy and has since also been translated into French, Portuguese and Spanish (see above for links), is the product of a protracted, heated, angry and passionate discussion that took place on the #ShiftThePower WhatsApp group in early March. Several people on the group had been approached separately by International NGOs who wanted to learn about their experiences in local fundraising and building community philanthropy, but in ways that all felt were ‘extractive.’ These interactions point to the growing trend for INGOs to look further afield for resources to fill the funding gap that many are experiencing.


March 5th 2020

Dear INGOs:

Thank you for taking an interest in our countries. We represent a wide range of national and subnational organisations based in countries – mostly in the global south – where you often work. We have probably even been in meetings together or have been represented in the success stories you give to your supporters.

We appreciate that over the years, many of you have sought to help deliver much-needed services, and have helped to elevate some issues of concern, like debt relief, gender or climate change, to the world stage.

But times are changing. And you have (rightly) been facing a number of critiques in recent years – around your legitimacy, your ‘whiteness’ or the fact that far more aid money ultimately ends up in the pockets of northern organisations’ headquarters than it does in the Global South.

We see that you’re trying to respond to these critiques by ‘localising’, as we’ve been asked to meet with your highly paid consultants on numerous occasions. The strategy is pretty common: usually you start by creating a ‘local organisation’ with a local board. A next step that we’re seeing is that you enter the world of DRM – ‘Domestic Resource Mobilisation’ – to raise money from within our countries. This latter aspect is probably also down to the fact that your traditional incomes from the rich North/West are starting to diminish, so this has the added bonus of replenishing lost incomes.

In theory, this probably sounds great to your northern ears: local middle-income people should indeed ‘own’ their civil society, especially as a response to growing concerns around closing civic space and authoritarian governments. We couldn’t agree with you more on this principle.

But there are things we object to and some suggestions about how you can use your international muscle to help us more effectively than through this misguided localisation agenda.

What happens in practice is that these efforts only serve to reinforce the power dynamic at play, and ultimately to close the space for domestic civil society. This can be illustrated quite simply: a multi-million-dollar INGO, with an entire marketing, communications and fundraising team, whose project budget for this endeavour probably outstrips that of most of our national organisations for a year, then comes into the South to raise money ‘domestically’.

Perhaps the board has set a target of raising 30% of total income directly from the South. That’s not an additional million dollars, that’s a million or more dollars taken away from local civil society. And worse still, most of this money will be siphoned off to pay for their own inner workings, rather than be invested on the ground.

All of this serves to weaken us locally. It keeps us in a master/servant relationship continuously begging for grants from your institutions, while we remain bereft of core funding ourselves. This is not what we need or want.

Instead, here’s how you can be more helpful with your ‘DRM’ investment: if you are serious about ‘shifting power’ then reduce your footprint and brand and use your fundraising machinery to help grassroots organisations create the structures to fundraise for themselves and sustain their work.

We need the infrastructure for people to raise money domestically and from diaspora, not to be competing with big global INGOs. What is ultimately needed is to strengthen and scale up southern civil society, not to be pushed out of our own communities and markets.

Do you need to exist in every country with your brand? No. There are often local organisations, like ourselves, who work effectively on the ground, with better connections to the local community. And many of us also have the skills and capacity to represent our issues on the world stage.

We represent an eclectic mixture of organisations, but we are, increasingly, uniting under the banner or hashtag of #ShiftThePower and its “Manifesto for Change.”

Our plea is that you work with us, not against us. We need to be supported, not competed with, and certainly not replaced.


  1. A Mile Away (AMA), Zambia
  2. Abibiman Foundation, Ghana
  3. ACPDH/FS-DDH, Burundi
  4. Activate Labs, Mexico/US
  5. ADESO, Kenya
  6. Advocacy Core Team, Zimbabwe
  7. Africa Health and Nutrition, Kenya
  8. African Diaspora Relocation Agency
  9. African Network of Youth Policy Experts, Botswana
  10. African Philanthropy Network
  11. AFroIDEA, Kenya, Uganda, Swaziland and Nigeria
  12. Agency for Peace and Development, Kenya
  13. Airavati Organisation (Hlaing Tsp), Myanmar
  14. AJSA, India
  15. Albanian Society for All Ages, Albania
  16. Alliance for Holistic and Sustainable Development Communities (AHSDC), India
  17. Ammbr Communities, South Africa
  18. AMO Programme, Ghana
  19. Approche Participative, Développement et Santé de Proximité (APDSP), Cameroon
  20. Arid Lands Development Focus, Kenya
  21. Arusha Municipal Community Foundation, Tanzania
  22. ASDA, Chad
  23. Ashake Foundation, Nigeria
  24. Assembly of Social Mobilization, Sri Lanka
  25. Association Cri de Cœur pour l’Equité et le Développement (ACCED), Burkina Faso
  26. Balance Promoción para el Desarrollo y Juventud AC, Mexico
  27. Bala Vikasa Social Service Society, India
  28. Banadir Development Foundation, Somalia
  29. Bangladesh Internet Governance Forum, Bangladesh
  30. Bangladesh NGO Network for Radio and Communication, Bangladesh
  31. Burundi Child Rights Coalition, Burundi
  32. Butterflies, India
  33. Care for Nature Zambia, Zambia
  34. Caring Volunteers Network (CAVNET), Ghana
  35. Caucus of Development NGO Networks (CODE-NGO), Philippines
  36. Center for Development Support Initiatives, Nigeria
  37. Center for Economic Development – Cameroon
  38. Centre for Peace and Democracy (CPD), Somalia
  39. Centre for Trade Policy and Development, Zambia
  40. Centre Résolution Conflits (CRC), Democratic Republic of the Congo
  41. Child Care Center, India
  42. Children and Youth Development Society, India
  43. Civil Society Empowerment Network, Afghanistan
  44. COAST, Bangladesh
  45. Comite Regional de Solidarite des Femmes pour la Paix en Casamance, Senegal
  46. Community Care for Emergency Response and Rehabilitation, Myanmar
  47. Community Foundation for the Western Region of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
  48. Community Self Reliance Centre, Nepal
  49. Community Transformation Foundation Network (COTFONE) , Uganda
  50. Community World Service Asia, Pakistan
  51. CORAFID Centre for Innovation and Research, Nigeria
  52. Councillors for Development & Trainings, Pakistan
  53. Coxs Bazaar CSO/NGO Forum, Bangladesh
  54. Dakar Community Outreach, Senegal
  55. Dalia Association, Palestine
  56. Dalit Community Foundation, India
  57. Dalit Women Fight, India
  58. Development and Justice Initiative, India
  59. Development Expertise Center, Ethiopia
  60. Development Research and Advocacy, Ghana
  61. Dr Meheret Ayenew, Research Fellow FSS and Adjunct Faculty, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  62. East Africa Philanthropy Network
  63. Ecumenical Commission for Human Development, Pakistan
  64. Emma Crewe, SOAS University of London, UK
  65. Equality for Growth, Tanzania
  66. Equilibrium Centre, South Africa
  67. Equilibrium SDC, Peru
  68. Family for Every Child
  69. FemPlatz, Serbia
  70. Firelight Foundation
  71. Foundation for Civil Society in Tanzania, Tanzania
  72. Foundation for Social Transformation, India
  73. Free Expression Myanmar (FEM), Myanmar
  74. Friends, Bangladesh
  75. Fundaçâo Micaia, Mozambique
  76. Fund for Congolese Women, Democratic Republic of Congo
  77. Gargaar Relief and Development Organisation, Somalia
  78. Ghana Philanthropy Forum, Ghana
  79. Global Fund for Community Foundations, South Africa
  80. Global Information and Social Resource Foundation – GISRF
  81. Global Peace Association, Ghana
  82. Golden Red Foundation, India
  83. Graca Foundation, South Africa
  84. Gramin Evam Nagar Vikas Parishad (GENVP), India
  85. Greenline Africa, Zimbabwe
  86. Greenfield Africa Foundation, Ghana
  87. Green String Network, Kenya
  88. HAQ: Centre for Child Rights, India
  89. Hard Rock Self-Sufficiency Foundation, Nigeria
  90. HEAPIDER-Concern, Inc., Liberia
  91. Help Foundation for Victims of Insurgency in Nigeria, Nigeria
  92. Helpers Social Development Foundation, Nigeria
  93. Hope for Young Girls and Boys, Zambia
  94. Hope Village Society, Egypt
  95. Horn of Africa Voluntary Youth Committee (HAVOYOCO), Somaliland and Ethiopia
  96. House of Consciousness (HoC), Zambia
  97. Humanity for Orphans, Youth and Widows Initiatives, Kenya
  98. Inclusive Climate Change Adaptation for a Sustainable Africa
  99. Indonesia for Humanity (Indonesia untuk Kemanusiaan / IKA), Indonesia
  100. Initiative Pananetugri pour le Bien-etre de la Femme, Burkina Faso
  101. Instituto de Comunicación y Desarrollo (ICD), Uruguay
  102. International Foundation for Students and Youth Development (IFSYD), Ghana
  103. Jijenge Youth Organization, Kenya
  104. Joint – Liga de ONGs em Mocambique, Mozambique
  105. Kaalo, Somalia
  106. Keepers Zambia Foundation, Zambia
  107. Kenya Community Development Foundation, Kenya
  108. Kenya Pastoralist Journalist Alliance Trust, Kenya
  109. K & R Welfare and Placement Services, Papua New Guinea
  110. Lasphumakhona Community Development Projects (LCDP), South Africa
  111. L’Association CEDRE 17 pour Un Développement Inclusif et Durable (AC17), Morocco
  112. Les Jeunes Ambassadeurs de l’Environnement pour le Développement durable, Guinea
  113. Let Them Help Themselves (LTHT), Uganda
  114. LetsStopAIDS, Canada
  115. LifeLine ONG, Benin
  116. LIN Center for Community Development, Vietnam
  117. Majal, Bahrain
  118. Makutano ya Wajasiriamali (MAWA), Tanzania
  119. Mars Football Foundation, India
  120. Masila Ghana Foundation, Ghana
  121. Maurisante, Mauritius
  122. Mauritius Council for Social Services, Mauritius
  123. Mbao Ngula, Zambia
  124. Migrant Support Network, Guyana
  125. MILAP, Nepal
  126. Mizu Eco-Care, Zambia
  127. Mona Younis, Human Rights Advocate
  128. Mukono Multi-Purpose Youth Organisation, Uganda
  129. Multikids Africa, Ghana
  130. Nabadion Youth Alliance Southwest State, Somalia
  131. Ngetha Media Association for Peace (NMAP), Uganda
  132. Nguzo Africa Community Foundation, Kenya
  133. Nigerian Women Agro Allied Farmers Association, Nigeria
  134. Nneoma Health and Educational Development Support Foundation, Nigeria
  135. Norsaac, Ghana
  136. N’weti, Mozambique
  137. NZP+ Mufumbwe, Zambia
  138. Okereke Ukeje Foundation, Nigeria
  139. Olive Luena Education Trust, Tanzania
  140. Orbeliani, Georgia
  141. PACT Foundation, Romania
  142. Pallisa Civil Society Organisations’ Network, Uganda
  143. Pan African Positive Women’s Coalition, Zimbabwe
  144. Passion to Serve, South Africa
  145. Participatory Action for Community Empowerment Foundation (PEACE), Zambia
  146. Participatory Development Associates, Ghana
  147. People’s Action Forum (PAF), Zambia
  148. People’s Process on Housing and Poverty, Zambia
  149. Personal Initiative for Positive Empowerment (PIPE), Kenya
  150. Positive-Generation, Cameroon
  151. Professor Emma Crewe, Director, on behalf of Global Research Network on Parliaments and People, UK
  152. Rawa Creative Palestinian Communities Fund, Palestine
  153. Reaching the Unreached Tanzania (RUT), Tanzania
  154. Reality of Aid Africa Network, Kenya
  155. Reformed Open Community Schools, Zambia
  156. Reproductive Health and Rights Advocacy Initiative (REHEaRD), Nigeria
  157. Réseau des Organisations de la Société Civile pour le Développement (RESOCIDE), Burkina Faso
  158. Resilliance, Morocco
  159. Rita Thapa, Founder of Tewa – the Nepal Women’s Fund and Nagarik Aawaz, Nepal
  160. Romanian Foundation for Children, Community and Family (FRCCF), Romania
  161. Ruth Foundation, Zambia
  162. Sahakarmi Samaj, Nepal
  163. Sahara Advocates for Change, Ghana
  164. Salamander Trust, UK
  165. Sangama, India
  166. Save African Muslim Foundation, Uganda
  167. Save Somali Women and Children (SSWC), Somalia
  168. SEED Malaysia, Malaysia
  169. Selma Foundation, Ghana
  170. Sense, India
  171. Sera Thabiti, Kenya
  172. Social Empowerment for Economic Development, South Africa
  173. Social Life and Agricultural Development Foundation, Somalia
  174. Solidarité Féminine pour la Paix et le Developpement Integral “SOFEPADI”, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  175. Solidarity Foundation, India
  176. Somalia Humanity Support, Somalia
  177. Somalia Women and Youth Empowerment Initiative, Somalia
  178. STAR Ghana Foundation, Ghana
  179. Success Capital Organisation, Botswana
  180. Surman Sansthan, India
  181. Sustainability Leadership Kosova, Kosovo
  182. Sustainable Impact for Development in Africa (SIDAF), Cameroon
  183. Taakulo Somali Community, Somalia and Ethiopia
  184. Tanzania Community Foundation Network, Tanzania
  185. The Addis Clinic, Kenya
  186. The People’s Matrix Association, Lesotho
  187. Thubutu Africa Initiatives, Tanzania
  188. Twerwaneho Listeners’ Club, Uganda
  189. UDYAMA, India
  190. Uganda National NGO Forum, Uganda
  191. UHAI-EASHIRI, Kenya
  192. United Social Welfare Society, Pakistan
  193. Usikimye, Kenya
  194. Vision Changers Kenya, Kenya
  195. Watershed Organisation Trust, India
  196. WASDA, Kenya
  197. Wajir South Development Association, Kenya and Somalia
  198. West Africa Civil Society Institute, Ghana
  199. Whole Planet Initiative, Nigeria
  200. Women Aspire Network, Ghana
  201. Women for India Foundation, India
  202. XOESE – Le Fond pour les Femmes Francophones, Togo
  203. Yayasan Usaha Mulia (Foundation for Noble Work), Indonesia
  204. You-Nik Children’s Initiative, Zambia
  205. Young Women Christian Association (YWCA) Mongu, Zambia
  206. Youth Development and Voice Initiative (YOVI), Ghana
  207. Youth Gate Zimbabwe Trust, Zimbabwe
  208. Youth Harvest Foundation, Ghana
  209. YouthNet Nagaland, India
  210. Zambia Alliance for Agroecology and Biodiversity (ZAAB), Zambia
  211. Zambia Council for Social Development (ZCSD), Zambia
  212. Zambia National Education Coalition (ZANEC), Zambia
  213. Zambian Governance Foundation for Civil Society (ZGF), Zambia
  214. Zamzam Foundation, Somalia

If you wish to add your name or organization to this list, please insert the details in a comment below, or email Wendy Richardson at the GFCF ( A version of the letter can also be downloaded in French, Portuguese and Spanish.

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Hamusunga George

Actually what is amazing is that some cooperating partners feel that local organizations lack capacity and therefore they can only perform if they partner with INGOs who can build their capacity. This is surprising because most of the staff working for INGOs actually come from local NGOs and vice-versa.

Barbara Nost

I cannot agree more, George.

Aboubakar Akilimali

Add my organization : Burundi Child Rights Coalition

Roselle Rasay

Please add our organization – Caucus of Development NGO Networks (CODE-NGO), Philippines

Amanda Griffith, CEO of Family for Every Child

Family for Every Child, a global alliance of local civil society organisations, is in complete solidarity with these statements. We were formed in 2014 to address exactly these dynamics in international collaboration and to demonstrate that local practitioners have a crucial role to play, an important contribution to make and a unique expertise to share not just nationally but internationally too.

Samson Lukwanda

Add our organisation Younik Children’s Initiative

Sophie Kange

I stand in solidarity to condemn that act of INGOs and onbehalf of my Organisation Uganda National NGO Forum we join the world to apend our signature on the statement. Please add my Organisations name- Uganda National NGO Forum.

Okereke Ukeje Foundation

We as well support those idea’s.